The awarding of certificates, diplomas or degrees is usually conducted by formal education institutions. The institution’s course curriculum must align with its corresponding national qualifications framework. The awarding of a certificate also indicates that an individual has met certain learning outcomes as set out by the National Qualifications Framework.
For example, learners can obtain certificates through educational courses offered via various institutions, such as vocational training centers or tertiary colleges. When a course is successfully completed by completing the necessary requirements and passing the assessments with satisfactory grades, learners can obtain certificates upon graduation.